Do Electric Cars Have Catalytic Converters? | Why Electric Cars don’t have a Catalytic Converter?

The catalytic converts are most commonly used in the latest vehicle models. The function of a catalytic converter is to make the harmful stuff that comes out of your car’s engine less dangerous by changing it into safer substances like water and less harmful gases. A common query arises for electric car owners: Do electric cars require catalytic converters?

Catalytic Converter

The answer is ‘no’. A catalytic converter doesn’t need for electric cars. So, the answer is peace of mind for those who want to purchase a catalytic converter for their electric vehicle. But the question is, why electric cars don’t require a catalytic converter? Are there electric cars that use catalytic converters? In this article, we deeply explain the answer to all your questions.

What is a Catalytic Converter? 

The purpose of a catalytic converter, often called a ‘cat,’ is to change the harmful pollutants generated by the vehicle’s IC engines – like nitric oxide, nitrogen dioxide, and carbon monoxide– into gases that are less damaging, such as water vapors or carbon dioxide.

Catalytic Converter

A catalytic converter works as a filter for various toxic emissions that your IC engine releases into the environment during operation.

Do electric cars have catalytic converters? 

No, a fully electric car doesn’t have a catalytic converter because it doesn’t need an IC engine. Electrical cars don’t generate harmful gases.

As mentioned earlier, the primary role of a catalytic converter is to transform the detrimental emissions produced by internal combustion engines into less environmentally harmful compounds. However, since electric cars lack an internal combustion engine, they do not require a catalytic converter for emissions control.

The power of the vehicle battery is used to run an electric car. Electric power is environment-friendly and doesn’t emit hazardous emissions into the environment. Since electric vehicles don’t use fossil fuels, they do not need catalytic converters.

However, the catalytic converter is only required for a vehicle that runs on fuel. The catalytic converter helps to lower the emissions from internal combustion engine cars, but they still emit some hazardous emissions.

What are the components of an electric car?

The electric car has the following major parts:

  • Battery: It stores the electrical power. The power stored in the battery of the electric car is used to power the motor during operation.
  • Charging Port: It is a place where you connect the power cord to charge the battery.
  • Traction Motor: The function of the traction motor is to drive the wheels of your car.
  • DC-DC Converter: This converter is employed to convert the high-voltage DC power from the battery to low-voltage DC power to run the car.
  • Onboard Charger: It transforms the external charge received from the charge port into a direct current.
  • Thermal System: It prevents the engine and electronics from overheating and damaging vehicle components.

An electric car also doesn’t use engine oil because engine oil is used to lubricate the IC engine.

Read More: Why is My Car Shaking?

Why don’t Electric Cars have Catalytic Converters? 

The electric car doesn’t contain a catalytic converter because of the following reasons:

  • No internal combustion engine
  • No exhaust
  • Less harmful emissions

1) No Internal Combustion Engine  

The IC engine in a car produces power by combusting the fuel and transforming it into heat. The combustion of the fuel naturally generates harmful fumes and harmful emissions.

Therefore, a catalytic converter is installed in vehicles that have an IC engine. The main purpose of the catalytic converter is to reduce the emission of harmful gases emitted by the internal combustion engine.

However, electric vehicles rely on electric batteries. They take electric power from the batteries to turn the wheels. Therefore, there is no need of an internal combustion engine. A catalytic converter is not needed without an IC engine.  

2) No Exhaust

The function of the exhaust is to absorb exhaust gases from the engine and cabin and release them into the environment.

Electric cars don’t have catalytic converters because they don’t have an exhaust system with the emission. This is the main reason why people prefer to buy an electric car instead of an IC engine car.

3) Less Harmful Emissions  

As we discussed above, the catalytic converters of your car convert harmful emissions into less harmful gases.

Electric vehicles emit almost no harmful gases while running. The catalytic converter is very costly. Equipping an electric car with a catalytic converter is pointless without smog.

Do hybrid electric cars have a catalytic converter? 

Yes, a hybrid car contains a catalytic converter. Hybrid cars operate using a combination of battery power and combustible fuel, with the combustion engine covering a certain distance. No matter how much fuel is consumed, the catalytic converter eliminates harmful emissions.

FAQ Section

Does Tesla have catalytic converters?

The Tesla doesn’t have a catalytic converter. The Tesla is an electric car that does not produce harmful exhaust gases. Therefore, these cars don’t need a catalytic converter. Tesla’s battery-powered vehicles produce zero emissions and are environmentally friendly.

Are EVs more environmentally friendly?

Yes, electric cars are clean, emission-free, and environmentally friendly. But the environmental impact of a vehicle varies according to the grid used to charge the vehicle. For example, charging a car in a place that depends on heavily on coal. In such conditions, your car does not have the same environmental impact as charging a vehicle with a renewable energy system. 

Is there any car made without catalytic converters?

Yes, the electric car doesn’t contain a catalytic converter. These cars don’t have an IC engine. Therefore, there is no need for catalytic converters. 

What are the symptoms of a bad Catalytic Converter?

  1. Rattling noise
  2. Check engine light illumination
  3. Engine stalling
  4. Increased emissions
  5. Black smoke from the exhaust pipe
  6. Poor acceleration
  7. Engine misfiring
  8. High fuel consumption
  9. Failed emission test
  10. Smell of Sulfur

Do electric cars use oil?

No, an electric car doesn’t use engine oil because it doesn’t have an IC engine.

Which motor is used in electric vehicles?

Induction motors are most commonly used in EVs. These motors have a longer service life and are very efficient.

Do BMW have catalytic converters?

Yes, BMW cars have catalytic converters. However, in many BMW vehicles, the catalytic converters are discreetly positioned in close proximity to the engine, resulting in increased difficulty of access.

Read More

Leave a Comment