Table of Contents
- 1 What Does The Electronic Throttle Control Light Mean?
- 2 What is Electronic Throttle Control?
- 3 Causes Of Electronic Throttle Control Light Illumination
- 4 How To Fix the Electronic Throttle Control Light?
- 5 How To Reset The Electronic Throttle Control Light?
- 6 Is It Safe To Drive With an Electronic Throttle Control Light?
- 7 FAQ Section
- 7.1 How to reset the throttle control sensor?
- 7.2 How much does it cost to fix the ETC light?
- 7.3 Does an electronic throttle control contain a fuse?
- 7.4 Why is my ETC light blinking?
- 7.5 What happens when the electronic throttle control becomes faulty?
- 7.6 How may I know if my throttle control sensor is bad?
- 7.7 Can I drive with the throttle control light on?
- 7.8 How long can an Electrical Throttle Control Unit last?
An array of warning lights collaborates to provide you with comprehensive information about your car’s internal workings and its needs. These lights include indicators such as maintenance alerts, check engine, and even notifications for low windshield washer fluid. But not all of these indicators are as straightforward to address as the low windshield washer fluid indicator. The electronic throttle control light is a warning light most commonly found in new cars.
Your vehicle contains multiple components. One crucial component is the electronic throttle control (ETC) system, which manages communication between the accelerator pedal and the throttle body.
In the case of old vehicle models, stepping on the gas pedal makes the engine breathe more by opening a part called the throttle. But now, technology has changed this. Instead of using physical parts, vehicles use sensors and parts that move by themselves.
This change is good because it helps the engine use fuel better and run smoother. However, if one of these new parts breaks, you won’t be able to control the throttle anymore. To prevent this, there’s a light that watches over this system.
If something goes wrong, like a throttle not working right, the electronic throttle control light comes on to inform the driver. This article explains the electronic throttle control light meaning, causes, and how to fix it.
What Does The Electronic Throttle Control Light Mean?
An illuminated electronic throttle control (ETC) light indicates that your throttle system is not working efficiently.
The electronic throttle control system consists of the wires, accelerator pedal, and throttle body. It manages and keeps track of how the throttle is positioned.
In the old vehicle models, a cable connects to the throttle body to control it. But in most modern cars, the vehicle’s ECM and different sensors handle this job.
Although there are many benefits to using this system, if things aren’t performing correctly, you won’t be able to accelerate as you should.
What is Electronic Throttle Control?
Electronic Throttle Control (ETC) is the latest technology used in cars to electronically connect the throttle and gas pedal, replacing the old mechanical connection.
This system is made up of three main parts: an engine control module (ECM), an electrically controlled throttle valve operated by a motor (called an electric throttle body), and an accelerator pedal module with multiple sensors.
The ECM is like a computer that uses a processor, memory, software, and input/output devices to calculate the necessary throttle position. It does this by analyzing data from various sensors such as control switches, vehicle speed sensors, and accelerator pedal position sensors.
Using a closed-loop control algorithm, the motor adjusts the throttle valve angle based on instructions from the Engine Control Module. This technology ensures smoother and more precise throttle control.
Causes Of Electronic Throttle Control Light Illumination
The electronic throttle control light usually comes on due to issues with the accelerator pedal position sensor or the throttle control sensor. Although these are the primary culprits, they’re not the only possible reasons for the light to activate.
The following are the most common causes of electronic throttle control light illumination:
1) Bad Throttle Control Sensor
Even though the ECM of your car instructs the throttle to open by a certain amount, it doesn’t blindly rely on that action. Instead, it depends on the throttle control sensor to provide actual data about how far the throttle is truly open. The ECM then adjusts the fuel-to-air ratio based on this information.
As any skilled mechanic understands, trust is important, but confirmation is crucial. This is precisely the role of the throttle control sensor, which the ECM listens to. So, if things don’t match up as expected, the electronic throttle control light appears, prompting you to investigate the issue.
In the case of a few throttle bodies, you can’t replace the throttle body sensor individually, which might require replacing the entire throttle body—a potentially costly endeavor.
2) Bad Throttle Actuator
The throttle actuator is used to control the motion of the throttle plate within the throttle body. It is an electrical motor. When it becomes faulty, it may lead to poor performance of the ETC system, which can trigger the electronic throttle control light.
3) Bad Accelerator Pedal Sensor
A bad accelerator pedal position sensor is one of the major causes of the electronic throttle control light illumination.
The electronic throttle control system of a vehicle consists of various components, and one crucial part is the accelerator pedal position sensor. The accelerator pedal position sensor sends information to the vehicle’s ECM to indicate your desired speed.
Using this information, the engine control module (ECM) of your vehicle then instructs the throttle to open or close accordingly. However, if the pedal sensor is flawed and the ECM can’t receive an accurate reading, you won’t achieve the desired acceleration. When your ECM detects a problem with the sensor, it triggers the electronic throttle control light.
4) ECM Malfunction
The Engine Control Module (ECM) of your vehicle manages various engine functions, including electronic throttle control. If the ECM is malfunctioning or encountering communication problems, the ETC light may start to illuminate.
Read More: Bad ECM Symptoms and Causes
5) Wiring or Connection Problems
The ECT system of your vehicle is highly dependent on various electrical wires and connectors to transfer signals between the ECM and throttle sensors.
Loose connections, corroded connectors, or damaged wires may affect the signals between the ECM and throttle sensors, causing wrong readings and the activation of the ETC light.
6) Stuck Throttle Body
Even if all the electronic components are functioning properly, a stuck physical throttle body can still trigger the electronic throttle control light. However, numerous factors can lead to a stuck throttle body, with carbon accumulation being a frequent culprit.
Examine your throttle body to confirm smooth opening and closing. If it’s stuck, try removing any blockages and cleaning it using a reputable carb cleaner. If this approach proves ineffective, you might have to consider replacing the throttle body.
How To Fix the Electronic Throttle Control Light?
Follow the below-given steps to fix the illuminated electronic throttle control light:
1) Check for Direct Issues
If your electronic throttle control light illuminates while driving, it might indicate a temporary issue. One potential fix is to pull over, turn off the engine, wait a bit, and then start the engine again.
This method may turn off the light and reset the system. However, if the light remains lit, you should deeply diagnose the issue.
2) Check Wires and Connections
Inspect the integrity of the wires and connections within the throttle control system. Loose or impaired wires between the throttle body and the throttle control module could result in communication issues. Carefully inspect the wiring harness and connectors, and if needed, reestablish connections or repair any damaged wires.
3) Clean the Throttle Body
The throttle body plays a role in managing the engine’s airflow within the air intake system. Over time, it can accumulate contaminants that affect the throttle control system performance. To address this, inspect the throttle body for contaminant accumulation.
After removing the air intake hose, utilize a specialized throttle body cleaner spray and clean the throttle body by using a clean cloth.
Read More: Bad Throttle Body Symptoms and Causes
4) Reset the System
In certain situations, resetting the electronic throttle control system might resolve the issue. To do this, follow the below-given steps:
- Locate a fuse labeled “ETC” or “Throttle Control” in the fuse box
- Remove the fuse for a short time.
- Reinsert the fuse, then turn the ignition. This will restart your system and potentially resolve temporary problems.
5) Check for Trouble Code
If the light persists, it’s advisable to have the car examined using a diagnostic tool. This tool can retrieve error codes stored in the car’s computer system, aiding in pinpointing the specific issue. It is recommended to take your vehicle to an auto repair shop equipped with the necessary diagnostic tools.
5) Contact a Professional
Depending on the trouble codes and the underlying issue, additional repairs or component replacements might be necessary. It’s crucial to seek guidance from a knowledgeable expert or mechanic who can accurately identify the problem and perform the required fixes.
How To Reset The Electronic Throttle Control Light?
To reset the electronic throttle control (ETC) light, you need to perform some specific steps. It’s essential to understand that the exact procedure could differ based on your vehicle’s make and model. While the steps outlined here offer general instruction. It is recommended to consult your car’s service manual or reach out to a professional for precise instructions custom-made for your specific vehicle.
Follow the below-given steps to reset your electronic throttle control light:
- Ensure the engine is off: Make sure your car’s engine is completely turned off. After turning off the engine, wait for a few minutes to let the vehicle cool down completely.
- Access the battery: Open your car’s hood and locate the battery. The car battery is most commonly installed in the engine bay.
- Disconnect the negative cable: Identify the battery’s negative cable. Lose the nuts that hold the negative terminal of the battery by using a wrench or pliers. Gently detach the negative cable from the battery terminal, cutting off the power supply.
- Wait for a few minutes: Keep the negative terminal disconnected for around 5 to 10 minutes. This interval permits the car’s computer system to reset and clear any stored trouble codes.
- Reconnect the negative cable: After waiting, reattach the negative terminal. Use a wrench or pliers to securely tighten the nuts.
- Turn on the engine: Restart the engine and let it idle briefly. This action helps the electronic throttle control system reset and reset.
- Perform a Test drive: Go for a short drive to see if the electronic throttle control light is still on. If the light doesn’t go away, there could be a more serious problem with the system. It’s best to have a skilled mechanic look at it to figure out what’s wrong and fix it.
Is It Safe To Drive With an Electronic Throttle Control Light?
Driving with an illuminated electronic throttle control light is not safe. While you might experience a minor reduction in engine power or fuel efficiency, the situation can worsen rapidly if your sensors continuously send wrong information to the ECM.
The throttle body governs the engine’s air intake, and if the ECM can’t monitor this accurately can’t watch this properly, the engine might not work well. When the electronic throttle light is on, it can hurt the engine and make fixing it cost more when you take it to a repair shop.
This risk exists even if you don’t immediately notice significant changes in throttle response or vehicle performance. The incorrect air-to-fuel ratio can cause premature engine wear over time.
How to reset the throttle control sensor?
A convenient method to reset the throttle position sensor involves disconnecting the negative terminal from your battery for around 5 minutes or removing the fuse of your engine control module (ECM).
How much does it cost to fix the ETC light?
The cost of fixing the electronic throttle control light varies depending on your vehicle model and the root issue of the light’s activation. If the problem is not severe such as a dirty throttle body, the repair might not be much expensive. But in case of severe issues, such as a throttle body sensor or faulty throttle body, it could lead to repair costs ranging from $80 to $820.
Does an electronic throttle control contain a fuse?
While most new vehicles don’t have a dedicated fuse for electronic throttle control, but they often have a fuse for the ECM. The ECM manages your vehicle’s ETC system. When this fuse blows, the system will cease functioning.
A blinking electronic throttle control warning light blinking represents that there’s a problem with your throttle body, throttle position sensor, accelerator pedal position sensor, or throttle control module. Either take your car to a professional or try to figure out the issue yourself.
What happens when the electronic throttle control becomes faulty?
As the electronic throttle control system doesn’t work properly, you might notice the engine stalling, the gas pedal doesn’t respond well, the engine doesn’t have as much power, or it could be hard to speed up. In serious situations, the vehicle might go into limp mode to protect the engine.
How may I know if my throttle control sensor is bad?
When your throttle control sensor goes bad, you might have problems like the engine stopping unexpectedly, check engine light illumination, the gas pedal not responding, the car not speeding up well, or finding it hard to keep a steady speed.
Can I drive with the throttle control light on?
Technically, it is possible to drive with the illuminated throttle control light, but it is not suggested. This light represents that your throttle control system is not working efficiently. If you keep driving like this, your engine might not work well, you could lose power sometimes, or even face safety problems. It’s better to stop in a safe place, switch off the engine, and get help from a pro.
How long can an Electrical Throttle Control Unit last?
Usually, the electronic throttle control unit is designed to work for a very long time. It often lasts even longer than the car itself. To give you a timeframe, it can work for over ten years. Sometimes, it might stop working early, but this is rare.